Amoxil is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. It was first used in clinical practice in 1972. The name of the active ingredient of the medication is amoxicillin. Amoxil is its brand name, yet one can buy the preparation in the generic form as well.
The secret of popularity of this drug is that it has a wide spectrum of action and is effective against a wide range of bacteria. Another thing taking Amoxil to the US TOP 20 most commonly prescribed medications is its safety profile. Amoxil is safe to use in both children and adults. What’s more, this preparation won’t do harm to a pregnant woman.
Amoxil can be used either alone or in a combination with other medicines to reach better and faster results in the therapy. The active component of the medication is effective against different types of bacteria. Still, some pathogenic bacteria have already developed tolerance to this preparation. As for the diseases it can cure, they are numerous. See it for yourself:
H. pylori-induced stomach lining inflammation;
different types of skin infections;
middle ear bacterial infection;
sinusitis and tonsillitis;
infections of the genitourinary system;
infections of the lower respiratory tract, including pneumonia and chronic bronchitis;
duodenal and peptic ulceration caused by bacteria;
Lyme disease and so on.
Except for the treatment of bacterial infections, Amoxil is also applied as a preventive agent in patients who are about to undergo surgery. The preparation helps avoid any infections and speed up the recovery.
Amoxil is a beta-lactam antibiotic, a synthetic derivative of penicillin. The mechanism of action of the drug is targeted at the interference with the bacterial cell wall and thus the death of the pathogen.
The preparation should be administered orally. Amoxil is available in the form of capsules, pediatric drops for oral suspension, film-coated pills, and powder for oral suspension.
Depending on the medical form you choose, the preparation will start working within 30 minutes or sooner after the intake. The elimination half-life of Amoxil varies in different groups of patients: from 3.7 hours in the newborn children to 1.4 hours.
Antibiotics, including Amoxil, are not the medications one can take without a doctor’s prescription. Their uncontrolled administration leads to tolerance and, thus, a loss of efficiency of the antibiotic.
Certain types of bacteria may develop resistance to the effects of Amoxil. This significantly complicates the treatment of patients. The only way to avoid it is to take antibiotics only when they are really needed. Never use these preparations to cure the common cold or viral infections. They are not sensitive to the effects of antimicrobials, yet make your body ‘get used’ to the medication, which is never a good thing when you face a bacterial infection.
The success of treatment much depends on how the patient fulfills the recommendations of his/her healthcare provider. To get the most benefit from the drug, take it twice or three times a day. The number of intakes is determined by a doctor based on the disease treated and the severity of the patient’s condition.
Amoxil can be taken either with or without food. It is also recommended to drink plenty of water when on Amoxil. Your doctor may give some other recommendations regarding the drug intake, so you’d better stick to them.
A consultation with a specialist will help to determine the most appropriate Amoxil daily dose. Based on the prescription, you can buy the Amoxil oral tablets in the following dosage strengths: 400 mg, 500 mg, and 875 mg. Generic versions of the preparation also come in 250 mg, 850 mg, and 1000 mg dosage strengths. For pediatric use, Amoxil oral suspension should be used. It comes either in 125mg/5ml or 250 mg/ml.
The commonly prescribed adult dose of Amoxil varies depending on the type of the infection it is supposed to cure. For example, for the therapy of upper respiratory infections, the usual dose of Amoxil is 500 mg twice a day or 250 mg three times daily. In case of severe infection, the recommended doses should be titrated up by 250 mg. In children, the Amoxil dosage is set based on the weight of the patient and ranges from 25 mg/kg a day to 45 mg/kg per day.
The duration of the therapy with Amoxil differs from 5 days to 10 days. The period is determined by a doctor based on the type and severity of the infection, as well as on the patient’s response to Amoxil. The symptoms of the disease may go away before the final date of treatment, yet you should not stop taking the medication as it may cause a fast relapse of the illness.
Some comorbidities may increase the risks of developing adverse reactions. Patients suffering from them should be careful when getting treatment with Amoxil. You should tell your doctor about any major health conditions you suffer, especially is these are:
disorders affecting blood;
hypersensitivity to cephalosporin antibiotics.
Women should also know that Amoxil can reduce the efficacy of hormonal birth controls. It is better to use additional, preferably barrier contraception during Amoxil intake. The efficiency of live bacterial vaccines may also get lower when on Amoxil. Therefore, you should postpone vaccination until the infection and the medication clear out of your organism.
Amoxil can be taken during pregnancy if the potential benefits for the mother prevail on the possible risks for the fetus. Amoxicillin passes into breast milk. For this reason, it’s only up to a doctor to decide whether to stop breastfeeding the baby or not.
Concomitant intake of Amoxil with certain medicines may lead to a number of unwanted reactions. That’s because some drugs potentiate the effects of Amoxil and vice versa. At the same time, other preparations may get less effective when combined with amoxicillin. To minimize the risks of hazardous interactions with Amoxil, tell your doctor if you administer
Sometimes, Amoxil can do more harm than benefit. Especially in those having certain contraindications to the drug. The major threat for any patient who is going to be treated with this preparation is hypersensitivity. Being allergic to amoxicillin or any other penicillin antibiotic, one can develop a severe allergic reaction to this drug, which manifests through swelling of the face, throat, lips, and tongue. Also, one may experience severe rash and trouble breathing. Never take Amoxil if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Hypersensitivity to other beta-lactam antibiotics is also a contraindication to Amoxil therapy.
The adverse effects of Amoxil are also common for other types of antibiotics. Among them, there are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. One can also develop a rash and some mental health issues, like:
Among the most common reactions to antibiotics in female patients is a vaginal yeast infection. Oral thrush is also possible. If any of these occur, visit a doctor to get an antifungal treatment.
Immediate medical attention is required if you have the following unwanted reactions:
severe nausea and vomiting;
the reaction of hypersensitivity;
darkening of the urine;
yellowing of the eyes and skin;
Don’t ignore these symptoms. Call your doctor promptly or go to the nearest clinic.
In children, Amoxil may cause a late-development rash, also known as ‘amoxicillin rash’. This is not a sign of allergy, but it may signal a child to be infected with mononucleosis. The overall percentage of pediatric patients developing such a reaction ranges from 3% to 10%..
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